Birsa Harit Gram Yojana

Deforestation is one of the major contributors to the climate crisis we all currently face. Rising carbon dioxide levels and diminishing Ozone can pave a way to diseases much worse than the one we are in the midst of right now. The only solution to this crisis is to do the exact opposite of what has led us to this crisis – afforestation.

About the Birsa Harit Gram Yojana

Earlier this month, the CM of Jharkhand Hemant Soren launched the Birsa Harit Green Village scheme on the 4th of May. The scheme is primarily implemented by the Rural Development Department. There is a specific target set to plant useful, fruitful plants across various parts of the nation.

According to the scheme, roughly around 5 lakh families will be given to plant 100 fruitful plants and will also be given lease of these plants so they get to enjoy the yield that comes from these plants for monetary help.

The Birsa Harit Gram Yojana will be operated under the MNREGA scheme and would be a complimentary scheme to the water conservation scheme and water management scheme.

Benefits of the scheme

Due to the implementation of this scheme, the total number of local and migrant labourers has increased exponentially in those areas where the scheme is being implemented in full force. The leading factor for such enhanced employment is the fact that the employees get paid on time which is crucial for workers who work on daily wages.

In conclusion

Along with employment opportunities for those who find it hard to make money, this scheme also benefits nature on a great level, thereby working as a double-edged sword against environmental crisis and unemployment as well.

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Schemes launched by the state government

The state governments of India are the next important government bodies right after the central government of the country. The state governments constitute 28 states and 8 union territories

India is a democratic and republic country wherein highest authorities and powers are proffered to the central government. For the state government, real executive powers are given to Chief Minister as he is responsible for heading the Council of Ministers. The state governments of India work toward internal security, such as police department, social welfare, public health betterment and other similar state-related issues. The state government of the country earns its employee income from sales tax services, stamp duty services, and from some parts of GST.

The state governments have launched a variety of schemes so far. Some of the examples are as follows:

In Andhra Pradesh, Chandranna Bima Yojana, National Energy Efficient Agriculture Pumps Program, and Smart Pulse Survey have been launched. In Assam, Mass Rapid Transit System has been recently launched. In Maharashtra, Police Pratisaad Ask services and various schemes for the betterment of farmers have been launched. In Karnataka, PM Santwana Harish Yojana, and Housing scheme for Transgenders have been launched. In Uttar Pradesh, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana, Hausla Paushan scheme, and Swadhar Greh yojana have been launched.

The state government of India monitors both rural and urban development. However, it is not feasible for the state government to monitor all rural and urban local government bodies. Thus, based on the provided funding and coverage, rural and urban local entities create development plan whenever required. These government entities work in close association with planning commission and local or regional government sectors and authorities.

Apart from these schemes, the state government also ensures the effective implementation of centrally sponsored schemes in respective states.