Ek Bigha Yojana

The Ek Bigha Yojana or the One Bigha Yojana is being looked at as an empowerment scheme for women. For the longest time, women found it difficult to find respectful, well-paying jobs. In the absence of such jobs, women in India were forced to be dependent on the earning men of the family, which, on a larger scale, thwarted the growth of the nation.

Acknowledging the benefits of empowering women, the Himachal Pradesh Government has launched the One Bigha scheme which will essentially be linked to the MNREGA scheme. This is to allow women to get employment without hassle.

What is included in the Ek Bigha scheme?

According to this scheme, women will be offered training and be imparted with skills to take on the jobs they desire. Under the scheme, women who belong to self-help groups and are job cardholders will be able to avail of a benefit of ₹1 lakh.

Another major benefit under this scheme is that, as this scheme is interlinked with the MNREGA, all women will be entitled to get employment under the MNREGA scheme.

Grants will also be provided to the women enrolled under this scheme for the purpose of leveling hilly areas, channelizing water, setting up vermin-compost pits, and for purchasing plants and seeds.

Impact of the scheme

According to an economic survey conducted in 2019-20, 447,773 families found employment opportunities under the scheme. The state of Himachal has a network of 2100 bank branches and more than 77% of its branches are now located in rural areas.

Parting thoughts

With such empowering schemes in place, the nation surely walks towards a more progressive and bright future where gender differences are put aside for collective development.

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Schemes launched by the state government

The state governments of India are the next important government bodies right after the central government of the country. The state governments constitute 28 states and 8 union territories

India is a democratic and republic country wherein highest authorities and powers are proffered to the central government. For the state government, real executive powers are given to Chief Minister as he is responsible for heading the Council of Ministers. The state governments of India work toward internal security, such as police department, social welfare, public health betterment and other similar state-related issues. The state government of the country earns its employee income from sales tax services, stamp duty services, and from some parts of GST.

The state governments have launched a variety of schemes so far. Some of the examples are as follows:

In Andhra Pradesh, Chandranna Bima Yojana, National Energy Efficient Agriculture Pumps Program, and Smart Pulse Survey have been launched. In Assam, Mass Rapid Transit System has been recently launched. In Maharashtra, Police Pratisaad Ask services and various schemes for the betterment of farmers have been launched. In Karnataka, PM Santwana Harish Yojana, and Housing scheme for Transgenders have been launched. In Uttar Pradesh, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana, Hausla Paushan scheme, and Swadhar Greh yojana have been launched.

The state government of India monitors both rural and urban development. However, it is not feasible for the state government to monitor all rural and urban local government bodies. Thus, based on the provided funding and coverage, rural and urban local entities create development plan whenever required. These government entities work in close association with planning commission and local or regional government sectors and authorities.

Apart from these schemes, the state government also ensures the effective implementation of centrally sponsored schemes in respective states.