In April 2018, Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources (GOBAR)-Dhan Scheme launched by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation at the venue of National Dairy Research Institute in Karnal. GOBAR-Dhan Scheme is a sub-scheme launched by the Union Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation Uma Bharti under Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin coverage).
GOBAR-Dhan Scheme is an important aspect of open defecation-free plus strategy. Open defecation-free villages are a crucial part of Swachh Bharat Mission.
What are the objectives?
GOBAR-Dhan Scheme mainly promotes and encourages the maintaining cleanliness in villages, raising the bars of income of rural households, and creating energy from animal waste, such as cow dung. The scheme also envisions of creating employment opportunities benefiting rural livelihood and overall quality of life. The scheme encompasses converting cattle dung and organic waste to compost, biogas and bio-compressed natural gas.
What are the salient features?
Under GOBAR-Dhan Scheme, villagers are encouraged and mobilized to generate self-help groups and innovative societies that will ultimately support clean energy and green-job initiatives and government programs.
The scheme aims to deploy over 700 biogas units in various states in India. Moreover, the scheme is implemented is a total of 350 districts across India.
Implementation of the scheme
GOBAR-Dhan Scheme is implemented on the basis of Solid and Liquid Waste Management’s funding pattern as stated in the guidelines of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). Finances are provided to gram panchayats (GPs). Rs. 7 lac are provided to a GP with 150 households; Rs. 12 lac, 300 households; Rs. 15 lac, 500 households, and Rs. 20 lac, more than 500 households. Those GPs that have not yet availed the funds in association with the guidelines are eligible to achieve any financial support under GOBAR-Dhan Scheme.