National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyaan)

National Nutrition Mission or POSHAN Abhiyaan is a multi ministerial convergence scheme launched by India’s Prime Minister with a vision of attaining malnutrition-free India by 2020. POSHAN Abhiyaan has been launched as a sub-scheme under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme.

POSHAN Abhiyaan is a flagship scheme implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), Government of India. POSHAN Abhiyaan converges with multiple schemes, such as National Health Mission, Anganwadi Services, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Scheme for Adolescent Girls of MWCD Janani Suraksha Yojana, Swachh Bharat Mission, Public Distribution System, and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.

What are the objectives of POSHAN Abhiyaan?

The objectives of POSHAN Abhiyaan include improving nutritional status and ensuring holistic and proper nutrition of children in the age group of 0–6 years, adolescent girls, pregnant women, and lactating mothers.

What are the benefits of POSHAN Abhiyaan?

The mission has been launched with a 3-year budget of Rs. 9046.17 crore starting from the financial year of 2017–2018. Under the scheme, over 10 crore people will be benefitted, and all states and districts of India will be covered in a phase-wise manner wherein 315 districts were covered in 2017 -2018, 235 districts were covered in 2018 -2019, and remaining districts are expected to be covered in 2019–2020.

POSHAN Abhiyaan aims to diminish stunting, under-nutrition/malnutrition status, anemia (occurring among children, women, and adolescent girls) and low birth-weight by 2%, 2%, 3%, and 2% annually, respectively.

Strategies

Key nutrition strategies include infant and young child feeding, food and nutrition, immunization, institutional delivery, deworming, ORS-zinc, food fortification, dietary diversification, maternal health and nutrition, early childhood care and education, and so on.

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