National Rurban Mission

On February 22, 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the National Rurban Mission, which is now implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development. Also known as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission, the scheme envisions to encourage social, economic, and infrastructure development in rural areas of the country. This would be achieved by establishing a cluster of 30 smart villages over the next 3 years.

Objectives

National Rurban Mission aims to stimulate local financial development, improvise basic services, and establish well-planned rural clusters. Moreover, the scheme envisions to enable cluster-based development that represents the rural soul and urban amenities and focuses on equity and social inclusion.

Outcomes

The expected outcomes of the National Rurban Mission are as follows:

  1. Eliminating the rural-urban gap in terms of economic and technological issues as well as those related to various government facilities and services
  2. Promoting local financial development by reducing poverty and unemployment in rural areas
  3. Expanding development and attracting investment in rural areas

The estimated budget for the scheme is Rs. 5142 crore from 2015–2016 to 2019–2020.

Rurban cluster

A rurban cluster is defined as a cluster of geographically contiguous villages that comprises a population of 25,000–50,000 in plain and coastal sea regions and 5,000–15,000 in desert, hilly, or tribal regions of India. Rurban clusters are classified into two groups: tribal and nontribal.

Under this scheme, problems, such as the overpopulation of cities due to rural-to-urban migration, will be addressed. The scheme will contribute to achieving the twin objectives of enhancing rural regions and the de-burdening of urban areas.

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Prime minister-launched schemes in India

Over the years of Indian Politics, many prime ministers have implemented schemes and welfare initiatives. These schemes are mainly funded by the central government of India and also by the state governments. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Manmohan Singh, Rajiv Gandhi, and Narendra Modi have worked for the betterment of society.

One unique aspect of the schemes is their catchy names, such as Swachh Bharat Mission and Smart Cities Mission. The names have much more attention from masses. The government of India under the influence of prime ministers has doubled many of its flagship schemes and programs. Recently, on May 31, 2019, the government declared to extend PM Kisan Samman Nidhi. The scheme was originally available to only some categories of farmers; it has now been made available to all farmers in the country. Under this scheme, farmers are annually paid Rs. 6,000 in three installments. Over 145 million people would be benefitted from this. Launched by September 2018, PM Jan Arogya Yojana would be targeting 107 million people. New Jal Shakti Ministry has been announced with the aim of availing piped water to all Indian families by 2024. Schemes have also been launched for better skill-training activities and entrepreneurship, such as Skill India Mission and Make in India Mission. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was launched in 2005 for social security purposes, promising livelihood and employment to rural areas.

There are many pension-related schemes for our country’s farmers, traders, and entrepreneurs. Startup India is one of the flagship initiatives launched for strengthening startup culture and professional ecosystem. While prime ministers-launched schemes have done the best to fix agricultural crisis, employment and investment are expected to be next on the government’s agenda.