Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKY)

The Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKY) was launched by, Ministry of Mines, Government of India. The responsibility of the implementation of PMKKKY has been given to the District Mineral Foundation. The scheme is focused on the welfare and development of mining areas and people who live there. It aims to safeguard the livelihood facilities of these people. Moreover, the Government through this scheme plans to extend various benefits related to a mining operation in their areas.


The fund for the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana comes from the District Mineral Foundation (DMF). The DMF was formed under The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015. A certain percentage of lease amounts collected from the mining companies form a major portion of the DMF fund.

It has been mentioned that 60% of the fund has to be utilized in social welfare activities for the affected people of the affected areas. Health, education, vocational skill, sanitization, and preservation of the environment are some of the welfare activities implemented under this scheme.

Infrastructure developmental projects like road constructions, building bridges, are also done under the PMKKKY scheme. PMKKKY also funds developmental projects on irrigation, an alternate source of energy, and watershed development.


  1. To improve the livelihoods of people living in areas affected by mining operations.
  2. To make the affected people, beneficiaries of social welfare programs.
  3. To protect the environment.
  4. To develop the affected area with infrastructural support.
  5. To safeguard the rights and benefits of the tribal community in the affected areas.

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Prime minister-launched schemes in India

Over the years of Indian Politics, many prime ministers have implemented schemes and welfare initiatives. These schemes are mainly funded by the central government of India and also by the state governments. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Manmohan Singh, Rajiv Gandhi, and Narendra Modi have worked for the betterment of society.

One unique aspect of the schemes is their catchy names, such as Swachh Bharat Mission and Smart Cities Mission. The names have much more attention from masses. The government of India under the influence of prime ministers has doubled many of its flagship schemes and programs. Recently, on May 31, 2019, the government declared to extend PM Kisan Samman Nidhi. The scheme was originally available to only some categories of farmers; it has now been made available to all farmers in the country. Under this scheme, farmers are annually paid Rs. 6,000 in three installments. Over 145 million people would be benefitted from this. Launched by September 2018, PM Jan Arogya Yojana would be targeting 107 million people. New Jal Shakti Ministry has been announced with the aim of availing piped water to all Indian families by 2024. Schemes have also been launched for better skill-training activities and entrepreneurship, such as Skill India Mission and Make in India Mission. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was launched in 2005 for social security purposes, promising livelihood and employment to rural areas.

There are many pension-related schemes for our country’s farmers, traders, and entrepreneurs. Startup India is one of the flagship initiatives launched for strengthening startup culture and professional ecosystem. While prime ministers-launched schemes have done the best to fix agricultural crisis, employment and investment are expected to be next on the government’s agenda.