Swachh Bharat Mission

Swachh Bharat Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2014, i.e., the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The scheme is operated by the Government of India with a goal of solving sanitation and waste management issues in the country by ensuring hygiene. Additionally, Swachh Bharat Mission is associated with the economic activity of India.


The scheme aims to provide sanitation facilities for all, including every rural family, by 2019. This is, however, just a primary objective; other objectives include:

  1. Building separate and community toilets
  2. Eradicating open defecation
  3. Constructing latrines and monitoring their usage by recruiting ground staff
  4. Spreading public awareness regarding the hazards of unhygienic lifestyle
  5. Ensuring solid and liquid waste management even at rural levels through gram panchayats
  6. Supplying clean water to all Indian households

Funding and financial sources

Swachh Bharat Mission has received fund allocation of Rs. 2 lac crore; the ratio of fund allocation between central and state governments and urban local government bodies is 75:25. For northeastern and especially classified states, the ratio is 90:10. The government of India has received financial and technological support from the World Bank. Moreover, corporate and private organizations/institutes are required to contribute to the Mission through their corporate social responsibilities.


According to the independent survey conducted by the Quality Council of India in 2017, an overall national rural household access to the toilet has raised to 62.5%, whereas the usage of toilets has increased to 91.3%. Remarkably, in Haryana, 99% of households have procured individual toilets, and 100% usage of toilets has been noted. According to the survey conducted by the World Health Organization, since the implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission, nearly 180,000 deaths from diarrhea have been prevented in rural parts of the country.

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Prime minister-launched schemes in India

Over the years of Indian Politics, many prime ministers have implemented schemes and welfare initiatives. These schemes are mainly funded by the central government of India and also by the state governments. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Manmohan Singh, Rajiv Gandhi, and Narendra Modi have worked for the betterment of society.

One unique aspect of the schemes is their catchy names, such as Swachh Bharat Mission and Smart Cities Mission. The names have much more attention from masses. The government of India under the influence of prime ministers has doubled many of its flagship schemes and programs. Recently, on May 31, 2019, the government declared to extend PM Kisan Samman Nidhi. The scheme was originally available to only some categories of farmers; it has now been made available to all farmers in the country. Under this scheme, farmers are annually paid Rs. 6,000 in three installments. Over 145 million people would be benefitted from this. Launched by September 2018, PM Jan Arogya Yojana would be targeting 107 million people. New Jal Shakti Ministry has been announced with the aim of availing piped water to all Indian families by 2024. Schemes have also been launched for better skill-training activities and entrepreneurship, such as Skill India Mission and Make in India Mission. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was launched in 2005 for social security purposes, promising livelihood and employment to rural areas.

There are many pension-related schemes for our country’s farmers, traders, and entrepreneurs. Startup India is one of the flagship initiatives launched for strengthening startup culture and professional ecosystem. While prime ministers-launched schemes have done the best to fix agricultural crisis, employment and investment are expected to be next on the government’s agenda.