Swachh Bharat Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2014, i.e., the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The scheme is operated by the Government of India with a goal of solving sanitation and waste management issues in the country by ensuring hygiene. Additionally, Swachh Bharat Mission is associated with the economic activity of India.
The scheme aims to provide sanitation facilities for all, including every rural family, by 2019. This is, however, just a primary objective; other objectives include:
- Building separate and community toilets
- Eradicating open defecation
- Constructing latrines and monitoring their usage by recruiting ground staff
- Spreading public awareness regarding the hazards of unhygienic lifestyle
- Ensuring solid and liquid waste management even at rural levels through gram panchayats
- Supplying clean water to all Indian households
Funding and financial sources
Swachh Bharat Mission has received fund allocation of Rs. 2 lac crore; the ratio of fund allocation between central and state governments and urban local government bodies is 75:25. For northeastern and especially classified states, the ratio is 90:10. The government of India has received financial and technological support from the World Bank. Moreover, corporate and private organizations/institutes are required to contribute to the Mission through their corporate social responsibilities.
According to the independent survey conducted by the Quality Council of India in 2017, an overall national rural household access to the toilet has raised to 62.5%, whereas the usage of toilets has increased to 91.3%. Remarkably, in Haryana, 99% of households have procured individual toilets, and 100% usage of toilets has been noted. According to the survey conducted by the World Health Organization, since the implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission, nearly 180,000 deaths from diarrhea have been prevented in rural parts of the country.
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