Unemployment is as real a concern as any. When a nation has a majority of its youth not contributing to the nation’s economy, it is bound to plunge to depths.
It is often a well-accepted fact that the youth of a nation drive it to heights of success. This does not manifest when the youth of the nation is caught up in the deadly claws of unemployment, barely managing to scrape through days.
The condition happens to be even worse in the rural parts of India where education is scarce and vocational skills are often unheard of. Youngsters from rural areas lack the necessary skills to impart value to organizations and hence are left out. It is a fact that much of rural India is abundant with the labour force, much of it happens to be unskilled, and therefore no use to larger facets of the industrial arena.
A startling majority of rural youngsters find it increasingly difficult to take up productive jobs because they lack the necessary skills to go ahead with the jobs they manage to get. Imparting such youngsters with vocational skills is therefore imperative to build up a sound pool of effective human resources for the country.
What is the Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment?
The Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment or commonly abbreviated as TRYSEM is a scheme launched by the government of India through the Department of Rural Development on the 15th of August 1979. This scheme basically aims to provide youngsters of the nation with facilities and opportunities, especially to those from the rural and backward parts of the country.
What are the objectives of the TRYSEM?
Some of the broader objectives of the Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment are:
- To provide technical skills to rural youth especially to those from the below poverty line.
- To enable rural youngsters to take up self-employment opportunities in larger fields of agriculture and various allied activities.
How are vocations identified by the TRYSEM?
It is essential to pick out the right blend of vocations that help rural youth get the job they dream of. Their vocations help them not only qualify for the job but also to excel at it. In order to identify what vocations might come in handy to rural youth; the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) sifts out from a range of vocations it deems are extremely important for youth to have.
There were, in total, 38 trade avenues identified for skill development among rural youth. Some of these trades include the production of mushrooms, cultivations, production of honey, cultivation of herbs and plants for medicinal purposes.
Other allied avenues for rural youth include nursery, poultry, veterinary services, farm equipment repairs, sericulture, tailoring, and various such small scale businesses and retail trade options.
What does the training include for TRYSEM candidates?
Those who have enrolled in the TRYSEM would have to undergo formal training institutions and also non-institutional modes like the apprenticeship under master craftsmen.
The duration of the training can vary from anywhere between just a few days to months. Ideally, any course should not exceed a span of six months.
During the training, trainees are given stipends. These stipends serve as an incentive for them to attend training sessions regularly. Trainees get a stipend of ₹250/- per trainee per month. This is if the training is conducted in the village of the trainee.
The trainee is entitled to ₹500/- per trainee per month if the training is conducted in a place other than the village of the trainee’s residence. Therefore, trainees are paid anywhere from ₹250-₹500 depending upon the location they come from.
When a trainee successfully completes a certain training programme or module, the trainee receives a combination of various subsidies and institutional credit under the IRDP.
The unemployment issue might be a difficult obstacle to overcome. But with the TRYSEM, things get better, one day at a time. With the right incentives, it only gets easier to provide avenues for aspiring youth who want to make something out of their lives.
Quite often it has been noticed that rural youth, due to the lack of vocational skills, also end up lacking confidence and this eventually just creates a chain reaction leading to a larger tenure of unemployment in their lives.
However, when such vocational skills are imparted to those who need it, they evidently excel at whatever it is that they set their sights on. In the right supervision and guidance, rural youth are more likely to perform at the jobs that they qualify for.
This way, not only do they manage to better their personal financial status, but they also end up contributing to the national economy. At the end of the day, happier people mean a happier nation and the joy of self-satisfaction trickles down into various walks of life.
True progress is one where no one is left behind.