Transformation of Aspirational District Program

Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2018, the Transformation of Aspirational District Program is a scheme by the government of India. India is a developing country and on the trajectory of high growth. However, the quality of life of many citizens in India is not parallel to the country’s growth.

Transformation of Aspirational District Program has been launched to transform nearly 115 districts across 28 states that have been subjected to the least progress along with a few specified development aspects. These 115 districts comprise over 20% of India’s population and over 8600-gram panchayats. The program envisions to improvise overall performance across aspects that represent the quality of life and financial progress.

What are the objectives of the Transformation of Aspirational District Program?

The program eliminated heterogeneity through mass movement programs. The program upheaves the 115 districts in terms of overall progress and economic growth. Moreover, the Transformation of Aspirational District Program focuses on key strengths of all 115 districts and recognizes areas requiring immediate improvement.


Transformation of Aspirational District Program is based on a broad outline that comprises convergence of central and state government schemes; a collaboration of central, state-level “Prabhari” offices, and district collectors; and competition among the various districts.


  1. Baseline ranking: the program supervises real-time progress/growth of the 115 districts based on 49 various indicators from five recognized developmental aspects/areas. Recently, NITI Aayog has completed a baseline ranking and will subsequently calculate “distance to frontier,” i.e., the distance of each of 115 districts from a state’s and the nation’s best.
  2. Sector ranking: The performance of 101 districts is evaluated across various sectors, such as health and nutrition (30%), Education (30%), agriculture and water waste (20%), basic infrastructure (10%), and financial inclusion and skill development (10%).

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